How is glaucoma diagnosed?
To diagnose glaucoma, the doctors at Carroll Vision Center will test your vision and examine your eyes through dilated pupils. The eye exam typically focuses on the optic nerve which has a particular appearance in glaucoma. In fact, photographs of the optic nerve can also be helpful to follow over time how the optic nerve appearance changes as glaucoma progresses. The doctors will also perform a procedure called tonometry to check the eye pressure.
A visual field test is often performed to determine if there is loss of side vision. Glaucoma tests are painless and take very little time.
The diagnosis of glaucoma is a clinical decision made by the doctors at Carroll Vision Center. It involves evaluation of risk factors for glaucoma, the clinical examination, and the interpretation of the tests.
How is glaucoma treated?
A routine eye exam is the best way to protect yourself from glaucoma because symptoms usually do not appear until vision has been affected. An early diagnosis can help stop the progression of this eye condition and there are treatments available.
The modern goals of glaucoma management are to avoid glaucomatous damage to the optic nerve, and preserve visual field and total quality of life for patients, with minimal side effects.
Most treatment for glaucoma is directed at lowering the pressure in the eyes (intraocular pressure, or IOP).
Treatment for open-angle glaucoma usually involves eyedrops that lower the pressure inside the eye. Decreasing eye pressure in open-angle glaucoma slows the progression of the disease and helps prevent further vision loss.
Closed-angle glaucoma can be an emergency situation (acute closed-angle glaucoma), because blockage of fluid in the eye causes a sudden increase in pressure, resulting in rapid damage to the optic nerve.